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Syria forms Lebanon's northern and eastern borders.
However, by far the worst fate for a Barbary slave was being assigned to man the oars of galleys.The earliest immigrants from the Eastern Mediterranean were generally lumped together under the common rubric of Syrian-Lebanese, and it is consequently difficult to separate the number of ethnic Lebanese immigrants from ethnic Syrian immigrants.Neither of these countries came into being as nation-states until the mid-twentieth century; thus records and statistics for both groups are generally combined for early immigration patterns.While the Barbary slave trade is typically portrayed as Muslim corsairs capturing white Christian victims, this is far too simplistic.In reality, the corsairs were not concerned with the race or religious orientation of those they captured.Rowers were shackled where they sat, and never allowed to leave.
Sleeping, eating, defecation and urination took place at the seat.
They have come to be known as the white slaves of Barbary. We can first find records of the slave trade dating back to The Code of Hammurabi in Babylon in the 18th century BCE.
People from virtually every major culture, civilization, and religious background have made slaves of their own and enslaved other peoples.
It was not until the expansion of the Ottoman Empire in the 15 century that the Barbary corsairs started to become a menace to Christian shipping.
Around 1600 AD, European pirates brought advanced sailing and shipbuilding techniques to the Barbary Coast, which enabled the corsairs to extend their activities into the Atlantic Ocean, and the impact of Barbary raids peaked in the early to mid-17th century.
Such difficulties with early immigration records are further exacerbated because of religious affiliation, both Muslim as well as myriad Christian denominations, which cut across national and ethnic lines in the region.