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Still, Taíno biological heritage survived to an important extent, due to intermixing.
By 1503, the Spanish Crown legalized the distribution of Indians to work the mines as part of the encomienda system.
The Dominican Republic is the most visited destination in the Caribbean. A geographically diverse nation, the Dominican Republic is home to both the Caribbean's tallest mountain peak, Pico Duarte, and the Caribbean's largest lake and point of lowest elevation, Lake Enriquillo., that is, "Quisqueyans".
The word "Quisqueya" derives from a native tongue of the Taino Indians and means "Mother of all Lands".
He claimed the land for Spain and named it La Española due to its diverse climate and terrain which reminded him of the Spanish landscape.
On Columbus' return during his second voyage he established the settlement of La Isabela in what is now Puerto Plata on Jan.
According to Pons, "Once the Indians entered the mines, hunger and disease literally wiped them out." By 1508 the Indian population of about 400,000 was reduced to 60,000, and by 1514, only 26,334 remained.
About half were located in the mining towns of Concepcion, Santiago, Santo Domingo, and Buenaventura.The leader of the independence movement José Núñez de Cáceres, intended the Dominican nation to unite with the country of Gran Colombia, but no longer under Spain's custody the newly independent Dominicans were forcefully annexed by Haiti in February 1822.Independence came 22 years later after victory in the Dominican War of Independence in 1844.) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.It occupies the eastern five-eighths of the island, which it shares with the nation of Haiti, making Hispaniola one of two Caribbean islands, along with Saint Martin, that are shared by two countries.The repartimiento of 1514 accelerated emigration of the Spanish colonists, coupled with the exhaustion of the mines.